Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP) Injections
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections are a technique that uses the patient’s own blood to help the body heal damaged tissue. Platelets in our blood contain proteins called growth factors which are critically important in the healing of injuries. PRP injections are a concentrated source of selected growth factors and proteins that play an essential role in healing. Using PRP injections our doctors are able to target the damaged area with the goal of shortening healing time, improving function, and relieving pain. PRP is extremely effective in the treatment of chronic tendon injuries and arthritis. Additionally, it is also used with success in the treatment of acute sports injuries, such as ligament and muscle injuries. The safety and efficacy of PRP has made it a often sought after treatment by many professional athletes who use it for common sports injuries such as pulled hamstring muscles, ligament injuries, and knee sprains. Some of the injuries Platelet-rich plasma therapy can be used to treat include:
- Knee injuries: partially torn, sprained or strained major knee ligaments (LCL/MCL), patellar tendinitis.
- Hip injuries: ilio-psoas tendinitis and bursitis, iliotibial band tendinitis (ITB Syndrome), greater trochanteric bursitis, and sacroiliac joint dysfunction.
- Shoulder injuries: labral tears in the shoulder, rotator cuff tendinitis, impingement, bursitis, and bicipital tendinitis.
- Wrist and hand injuries: tendinitis, DeQuervain’s tenosynovitis, and ligament tears.
- Elbow injuries: tennis and golfer’s elbow
- Ankle and foot injuries: recurrent ankle sprains, achilles tendinitis, peroneal tendinitis, and other foot or ankle tendinitis
- Stress fractures, plantar fasciosis, turf toe, shin splints, and general patellofemoral (knee) pain may be treated as well.
When treating osteoarthritis of the knee we aim to provide lasting and effective pain relief. Through a procedure known as viscosupplementation the orthopedic specialists at gO are able to inject a dose of hyaluronic acid into the knee joint. Hyaluronic acid serves as a lubricant to enable bones to move smoothly over each other and as a shock absorber for joints; it occurs naturally and is found in the synovial (joint) fluid. However, patients with “wear and tear arthritis” or osteoarthritis have below normal concentrations of hyaluronic acid in their joints; because of this viscosupplementation is often an effective non-surgical treatment. Added benefits of visosupplementation include the ability of injections to stimulate the body to produce more of its own hyaluronic acid, pain relief, and significant inflammation reduction.
Steroid injections help decrease inflammatory reactions around tendons, ligaments, and in joints. The orthopedic specialists at gO use corticosteroid injections to deliver a high dose of medication directly to the affected area. The injection aims to relieve pain and swelling caused by the inflammation of tendons, knees, shoulders, or hips that result from injuries and other inflammatory reactions. In the majority of cases, the steroid in the injection will become effective in 2-3 days and can last for several weeks to months or may resolve the problem completely. The efficacy for relief of pain and inflammation in steroid injections is not always predictable, however these injections very often help to significantly reduce pain and inflammation throughout the body.